京都大学 大学院経済学研究科・経済学部

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Kyoto University Faculty of Economics

Mission

Basic Mission

Based on the principles of freedom and harmony, we hereby establish the basic mission of the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics in order to sustain and develop the university’s historical commitment to academic freedom, to tackle multi-dimensional problems, and to pursue harmonious coexistence within the human and ecological community on this planet.

Educational Mission

The Kyoto University Faculty of Economics upholds Kyoto University’s mission of fostering creativity and transmitting preeminent knowledge through independent learning. More precisely, the faculty’s educational mission is to cultivate individuals who are capable of applying specialized knowledge to tackle complex challenges in our contemporary economy and society; prepared to contribute to harmonious coexistence in the global community; and filled with a great deal of compassion, sensitivity to human rights, and integrity to advocate for fairness.

Educational Objectives

In order to accomplish its educational mission, the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics works to carry out and achieve the objectives set forth below.

  1. We will attract students with diverse individual characteristics and cultural backgrounds through a variety of admission processes, foster graduates with flexible and diverse outlooks and capabilities in economics and management, and supply them to a wide range of fields in society.
  2. We will develop a multi-dimensional curriculum that both equips students with broad-based foundations in the disciplines of economics and management and cultivates flexible thinking and creativity. In the delivery of this curriculum we will place emphasis on seminar-style education and provide both individual guidance and group-based learning.
  3. We will strive to enhance our advanced specialist education, employing the latest findings from economics and management research across the world in collaboration with the Graduate School of Economics.
  4. We will pursue the development of advanced, practical capabilities in economics and management through research and education partnerships with government bodies, private companies, and not-for-profit organizations.
  5. We will work to foster individuals with international capabilities to contribute to sustainable economic development under the globalization of the economic sphere.
  6. We will use these educational activities as a whole to instill basic and specialized academic abilities attuned to our changing times, and work to cultivate individuals filled with a great deal of compassion, sensitivity to human rights, and integrity to advocate for fairness.

Three Core Policies of the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics

We hereby establish three core policies in order to accomplish the educational mission of the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics: Admission Policy, Curriculum Policy, and Diploma Policy.

Admission Policy

Our educational programs in Economics and Business Management focus on the study of the economic activities of diverse entities including individuals, governments and profit-making private-sector companies. The academic disciplines of Economics and Business Management aim to further the well-being of people and society. The objects of its study are far from simple and straightforward. On the contrary, the complexity increases as new issues requiring solutions arise one after another in modern society in areas such as fiscal problems, industrial issues, employment, finance, the global environment and others. While the Faculty of Economics of Kyoto University has been upholding a tradition of academic freedom throughout its history, it has also been dedicated to delivering a high level of undergraduate education for its students, encompassing introducing students to both the fundamental knowledge of economics and business management, as well as new and innovative areas of academic enquiry. The Faculty has endeavoured to produce creative human resources, who can respond to social and economic changes flexibly, discovering optimal solutions to the various problems we face today. Through their strong commitment to education, the faculty has been contributing significantly to the development of academia, government and industry. Given this historical background, the Faculty of Economics of Kyoto University hopes to recruit applicants with sufficient intellectual capabilities and a spirit of enquiry, so that they will develop advanced analytical skills and knowledge to study economics and business management successfully once they are enrolled. The students are also expected to actively participate in discussions with faculty and fellow students, thereby developing themselves as people highly trained in communication, as well as autonomous and creative thinking. These are the specific qualities which the Faculty expects of those who apply for enrolment:

[Qualities Required of Applicants for Enrolment]
  1. Possession of a wide scope and high level of basic knowledge acquired through senior high school education, together with abilities of logical thinking and linguistic proficiency
  2. Possession of a strong intellectual curiosity, and a drive to actively participate in social and economic activities in general

It is understood that it is particularly important that the Faculty actively recruits students from diverse backgrounds in order to develop high calibre human resources with the aforementioned qualities. Currently the Faculty offers three different types of entrance examination to evaluate the candidates’ academic aptitude. They are called “Entrance Examination focused on Humanities”, “Entrance Examination focused on Natural Sciences & Engineering” and “Admissions Office Entrance Examination (tokushoku-nyushi)”. As for “Entrance Examination focused on Humanities”, which accounts for the majority of applications, the applicants have to take aptitude tests in 4 academic subjects. Included in the list are 1) social science, 2) mathematics, both of which form the groundwork to study economics and business management, 3) Japanese language, the fundamental basis for their logical thinking and 4) the English language, which is essential for the students’ specialised subject learning and for their future activities in the international community after graduation. If candidates take the “Examination focused on Natural Sciences and Engineering”, they have to answer an extra series of mathematical questions, while being exempt from the social science exam. The extra mathematics exam is specially designed to assess the applicants’ mathematical competence which is indispensable for economic analysis. The first step of screening in the “Admission Office Entrance Examination” is a review of documents submitted, followed by a written exam, part of which involves writing an essay. The applicants’ comprehension of given texts is evaluated in order to see how correctly the applicants identify and grasp the core issues proposed in the materials. Importance is placed on their ability to structure their essays logically and express their thoughts clearly. In all of these three types of Examination, the applicants’ previous score in the exams of the National Centre for University Entrance Examinations are added for a final admissions judgement. By incorporating the National Centre’s exam scores, the applicants’ total academic aptitude can be clearly and objectively identified. Furthermore, the Faculty offers diverse screening opportunities to applicants. For instance, entrance examinations can be taken by non-Japanese applicants, Japanese nationals who were educated outside of the Japanese education system, or those who want to transfer to a third year programme after completing the first two years of university education elsewhere. This initiative aims to provide applicants from diverse backgrounds with a fair chance of evaluation and admission.

Curriculum Policy

In order to achieve the goals advocated in the Diploma Policy, the Faculty of Economics and Management of Kyoto University implements an educational policy that stresses both liberal arts and specialist education allowing students to develop their flexibility and creativity. In particular, we place emphasis on small-group education whereby constant interaction fosters active participation and self-learning.

In accordance with our curriculum policy, students at the Faculty of Economics take courses as follows:

  1. First and second year students study liberal arts courses open to students across the university in order to acquire a well-rounded education.
  2. In the first semester of a student’s first year they take “introductory seminars” in order to ensure a smooth transition from high school to university-level education. These courses help students to acquire core academic skills and develop their academic portfolio.
  3. During the first year students take “introductory courses” in order to acquire a broad knowledge of economics and management studies, utilizing standard introductory textbooks to that effect.
  4. In their second year, students take “specialized introductory courses” in order to acquire a basic knowledge of particular sub-fields in economics and management studies. In these courses, students who do not specialize in that particular sub-field will also learn the basics of the sub-fields of economics and business administration in a systematic way utilizing standard textbooks.
  5. For “introductory courses” and “specialized introductory courses”, a “semi-elective system” has been established in order to ensure students acquire a systematic knowledge of a wide range of fields. In this system students take at least the required number of credits from each of four separate fields.
  6. From the second year onwards, students who have completed the “introductory” and “specialized introductory courses” proceed to take “specialized courses” in a specific specialized field. In these courses, students deepen their specialized knowledge in their chosen field of economics and management studies, utilizing standard textbooks together with academic books and papers.
  7. A number of “special Lectures” (usually taken with graduate students and provided by working professionals) are offered, mainly for third year students and above, so that students can acquire useful/practical knowledge from practitioners.
  8. From their second year onwards, students participate in a “seminar” each year in which the instructor involved provides guidance on a specific theme. Here, students develop their knowledge and creativity through self-study, debate and interaction with other students, and through the preparation of presentations and reports. Participants in these seminars can submit the results of their activities as a “graduation thesis” in their final year.
  9. Additionally, in order to broaden students’ perspectives, diverse study opportunities are provided with courses that can be taken at the Faculty of Law and other Faculties at Kyoto University, at other universities in Japan, and via study abroad opportunities as a part of our overseas exchange system.

Students at the Faculty of Economics register for courses according to the above curriculum policy and subject to an upper limit of courses per semester. Four specific study tracks are offered, namely “Theory and History”, “Policy”, “Management” and “Finance and Accounting”. Each study track provides a comprehensive course structure and supervision to students, who upon satisfying specific conditions are recognized as having completed the study track.

Students who have presented an extremely outstanding graduation thesis are recognised with the “Award for Excellent Graduation Thesis”. The aim of this award is to promote students’ efforts to master specialised academic knowledge, and to encourage them to develop creative abilities. Students with outstanding academic performance and who hope to enter the Graduate School after graduation are allowed to attend Graduate School courses during their fourth year. The learning outcomes and methods of assessment for each course are shown on each individual course’s syllabus.

Diploma Policy (Standards for award of degrees in the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics)

The Faculty of Economics of Kyoto University is expected to educate and produce creative human resources, who, based on their knowledge of economics and business management acquired through their university education, can contribute to society by responding effectively to economic and social change, and helping to discover and propose solutions to the problems we face. In this way, the Faculty aims to make a significant contribution to academia, governance and industry.

In order to produce human resources who can meet the aforementioned expectations, the following goals have been set forth, which the Faculty expects the students to accomplish by the time of graduation.

  1. Acquire the fundamental knowledge of economics and business management.
  2. Based on their knowledge of economics and business management, be able to analyse various problems in modern economy and society in an autonomous way, creating and proposing solutions.
  3. Have the intellectual powers of flexible thinking and creativity, with which they can respond to economic and social change effectively.
  4. Possess a wide range of knowledge and cultural qualities in economics and business management, including a well-developed linguistic proficiency, through which they can confidently communicate with people from diverse cultural backgrounds.

The Degree of Bachelor of Economics is conferred to students who have been enrolled in the Faculty for no less than four years after admission (those who have transferred from elsewhere to the third year are to have been enrolled in the Faculty for no less than two years), and who have acquired a certain amount of credits required for graduation, before passing a final examination.

Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics

Mission

Basic Mission

Based on the principles of freedom and harmony, we hereby establish the basic mission of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics in order to sustain and develop the university’s historical commitment to academic freedom, to tackle multi-dimensional problems, and to pursue harmonious coexistence within the human and ecological community on this planet.

Educational Mission

The Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics upholds Kyoto University’s mission of educating outstanding researchers and specialists who will contribute to harmonious coexistence within human and ecological communities. More precisely, the graduate school’s educational mission is to cultivate specialists who are capable of applying insights, knowledge, and techniques based on economics to tackle complex challenges in our contemporary economy and society; prepared to contribute to the global community; and filled with a great deal of compassion, sensitivity to human rights, and integrity to advocate for fairness.

Educational Objectives

In order to accomplish its educational mission, the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics works to carry out and achieve the objectives set forth below.

  1. The Graduate School of Economics is composed of a Master’s program and a Doctoral program. In the Master’s program, students aspiring to a career in academic research take classes and receive individual guidance centering on the production of a Master’s thesis. We aim to introduce students to the wealth of existing scholarship in economics and related fields, and to equip them with the basic academic expertise and analytical skills essential for independent research.
  2. Operated in an environment where freedom and autonomy are valued, the Doctoral program provides research guidance to students seeking to obtain a Doctoral degree in economics following the completion of their Master’s degree. The aim of the program is to cultivate researchers capable of boldly tackling new challenges in the field of economics and key problems in social and economic spheres, and thereby addressing the needs of wider society.
  3. In order to accomplish our mission and objectives, our faculty members with diversified and advanced expertise provide a broad-based education encompassing economic philosophy, theory, history, and policy, as well as fields such as applied economics and managerial accounting. We will thereby foster students’ capacity to build knowledge systems that provide broader insights for their own research without over-specialization in any one academic field.
  4. We will train our students not only to pursue their research in depth, but also to apply a strong sense of responsibility and high ethical standards to that research, constantly subjecting it to critical examination to ensure that it is consistent with the goal of harmonious coexistence of humanity and nature. Through individual guidance, seminars, and projects, students will be encouraged to develop the sense of fairness, tolerance, and deep compassion required to perform leadership roles in education, academic research, and other fields in the future.
  5. We will use a variety of admission streams to build a graduate student cohort that is internationally diverse in terms of individual characteristics, careers and cultures, and foster experts in the analysis of problems in economics and management from international perspectives.
  6. We will cultivate economists, business analysts, and other professionals with practical ability to furnish world-class, realistic solutions to complex economic and management challenges both in Japan and across the world.
  7. We will use these educational activities as a whole to cultivate research capabilities attuned to our changing times.
Research Mission

Reflecting Kyoto University’s mission of diverse development in pure and applied research in the humanities, sciences and technology, while seeking to integrate these various perspectives, the research mission of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics is to contribute to the resolution of a range of problems in the social and economic spheres using wisdom, knowledge and techniques in economics.

  1. Global pre-eminence and creativity
    We engage in research on the economic and business activities and organizations that form the basis of our social existence, thereby advancing Kyoto University’s mission of generating world-class knowledge through freedom and autonomy in research that conforms with high ethical standards.
  2. Contribution to the global community
    We use specialized research to address many of the key economic problems confronting the world today, including sustainable economic growth, poverty and inequality, economic crises, energy, environmental, and population problems, as well as international conflict. This research constitutes a scholarly contribution to world peace, justice, and cooperation, and to productive and sustainable development. We also contribute to the society through publication of research findings and involvement in policy-making.
  3. Pluralist values and diverse approaches
    In light of the growing sophistication, complexity and diversity of the global community and academic sphere, the Graduate School respects pluralist values and diverse approaches, and develops advanced and reliable methods of research and analysis.
    The Graduate School of Economics will establish the following fundamental research principles in order to accomplish its research mission.
  4. Securing common foundations and diversity
    We will emphasize common theoretical foundations and mutual understanding of diverse approaches.
  5. Establishing infrastructure for cutting-edge research
    We will develop the human, financial, and information infrastructure required to pursue world-class, cutting-edge research.
  6. Developing international joint research hubs
    We will build international research hubs through interaction and collaboration with many universities and research institutes across the globe.
  7. Accumulating research outputs
    We will support specialized research by expanding our specialist library collections of economic publications and materials from within and beyond Japan.
  8. Sharing research findings
    We will share our research findings with the public in a variety of forms, and thereby contribute to the advancement of academic endeavor both domestically and internationally.

Three Core Policies of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics

We hereby establish three core policies in order to accomplish the educational mission of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics: Admission Policy, Curriculum Policy, and Diploma Policy.

Admission Policy

The Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University takes pride in being one of the oldest graduate schools of economics in Japan. Since its foundation, it has constantly strived to further the study of economics, establishing its position as one of the most prestigious centres of research and graduate education in the field. The aim of this Graduate School is to produce human resources of a high calibre through the educational and research efforts of its master’s and doctoral programmes. Those who study in these programmes will acquire profound knowledge and skills, with which they can analyze economic and business management scientifically. They will be able to tackle the various problems and challenges which Japan faces today, such as fiscal, industrial, employment, management, financial, and global environment issues, amongst others. Some graduates go on to become full-fledged researchers themselves, creating and proposing fundamental solutions to contemporary problems in the world. Others become competent professional practitioners, playing a pivotal role in various fields which require a high level of professionalism. In order to keep exploring the new frontiers of economics as a pioneering institute, we need creative intellectuals, who can challenge the unprecedented problems of today’s world and work towards appropriate solutions. The following describes the qualities, which the Graduate School expects of applicants for enrolment in order to fulfil this mission.

  1. To possess deep specialised knowledge of the particular academic areas of Economics and related areas.
  2. To be highly motivated and committed to the study of economics so as to contribute to the advancement of academic knowledge, and to participate in the dissemination of research outcomes in society to benefit people.
  3. To be able to identify and define innovative and cutting-edge research themes in specialised areas, and to explore and apply the methodology relevant to the selected themes, eventually bringing about solutions.
  4. To possess good Japanese and English proficiency for communication, so that the applicant can present and publish their research outcomes domestically and internationally, and/or participate in activities to deliver the benefits of their research to society.

Our selection of applicants for enrolment is performed in a fair manner. No applicant shall be discriminated against due to their race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, age, nationality, political views, or physical and/or mental disabilities.

In order to realize the above, admission to the Graduate School’s Master’s program is conducted after an evaluation of each candidate’s suitability, including a combination of their bachelor’s degree, TOEFL examination results, written examinations on economics-related specialized knowledge, and interviews about their research plan.

For the Graduate School’s doctoral program, admission is determined by an evaluation of various application documents such as the candidate’s master’s degree, master’s thesis, TOEFL examination results, and an oral examination.

For the East Asia Sustainable Economic Development programme, admission is conducted based on an evaluation of the appropriate application documents, including the results of the candidate’s bachelor’s or master’s degree, an interview, and, in the case of the doctoral programme, the identification of a faculty member willing to act as the candidate’s supervisor.

Curriculum Policy

In line with the goals set out in our Diploma Policy, The Graduate School of Economics of Kyoto University refrains from the over-specialization of research fields in favor of an approach that emphasizes broad perspectives and comprehensive knowledge. Utilizing the diversity of high-level specialist knowledge held by our Faculty, we offer broad-based education in the several fields of economics, including economic thought, theory, history, policy, applied economics, management and accounting.

Our systematic specialist courses are delivered combining lectures, seminars, and other formats as appropriate. Our educational programs utilize specific course structures and course numbering to ensure comprehensive learning.

  1. Through its courses and master’s thesis research, the “Professional Career Program” Master’s degree aims to help students acquire core skills in data and empirical analysis and advanced knowledge in economics and related disciplines. Furthermore, it develops high-level communication skills among students via group work and courses delivered in English, whilst also fostering a real knowledge of socio-economic issues at home and abroad, together with the analytical ability to propose solutions to such issues. For their master’s thesis research, students engage in a workshop course in which they are supervised by a faculty member as part of a group.
  2. Through its courses and master’s thesis research the “Researcher Program” Master’s degree aims to help students acquire the core academic and analytical abilities to conduct research in economic theory, socio-economy, applied economics, economic history, the history of economic thought, economic policy, management and accounting, etc. For their master’s thesis research, students are supervised individually by a supervisor selected following their admission to the program.
  3. On the doctoral program students engage issues that are at the forefront of economics as a discipline as well as various problems faced in society and the real economy today, thus nurturing researchers who can respond to society’s needs. Students are guided closely by their supervisor with the ultimate goal being to produce a doctoral dissertation of sufficient quality for the award of a doctoral degree. To this end, students benefit from supervision provided by multiple faculty members, ensuring systematic research guidance.
  4. The East Asia Sustainable Economic Development Studies Program (EAP) aims to train global human resources, such as practically-oriented academic researchers and economists at international organizations, etc., who can contribute to solving various socio-economic issues related to sustainable development in East Asia and the wider world. This is pursued via the EAPs curriculum which includes core courses in economics and management and advanced courses that further develop student’s theoretical, empirical and analytical abilities. Advanced course B courses are mainly taken by doctoral students and focus on research presentation workshops, academic skills and ethics, field research in Japan and other East Asian countries, seminars on international academic conferences, career development, and internship opportunities. Master’s thesis research is conducted under the supervision of an individual supervisor, and doctoral dissertation research is conducted with the submission of an annual research plan and research reports under the supervision of two individual supervisors.
  5. Each person’s individual research is positioned among several specialized fields, with its results and significance discussed and developed at a truly international level, and, wherever appropriate, the capability to design and engage in joint research is developed. To that end, we hold regular seminars and workshops that emphasize multidisciplinary research methods and reflect a diversity in research subject. In addition, we enhance the research ability of graduate students by providing them with opportunities to study and research abroad, by inviting leading researchers from other countries to visit, and through participation in the various research conducted at the Graduate School of Economics.
  6. Students are educated and encouraged to review their own research from the point of view of social responsibility and research ethics, so that they are able to critically examine whether it serves the purpose of harmonious coexistence between humans and nature. We seek to cultivate graduates with the necessary qualities, such as fairness, tolerance, and human empathy, to become future leaders in education, academia and other fields.

Diploma Policy (Criteria to for degree conferral at the Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University)
[Graduate School of Economics (Master’s Program)]

In line with the philosophy of Kyoto University to nurture excellent researchers and human resources who possess high-level professional skills and technical knowledge and who can contribute towards the harmonious coexistence of global society, the Graduate School of Economics seeks to cultivate graduates who can apply the technical knowledge and skills they learn from the study of economics to solve several problems faced in our current society and economy. In order that our students may contribute to the harmonious coexistence of global society, we seek to cultivate a strong sense of human empathy and respect for human rights among them, in addition to developing their advanced technical knowledge.

To cultivate such human resources at this Graduate School, a fixed curriculum has been established, encompassing the completion of a prescribed number of course credits, the completion of a master’s thesis examination having received research supervision, and achieving the following goals, all of which are necessary to qualify for the award of a master’s degree:

  1. On the “Researcher Program” Master’s degree, students acquire the necessary advanced knowledge in economics and related disciplines, as well as the core academic skills and analytical ability required to become a researcher.
  2. On the “Professional Career Program” Master’s degree, students acquire advanced knowledge in economics and related disciplines, as well as core and advanced abilities in empirical data analysis. In addition, they enhance their communication skills (including in English) via group work, and acquire the ability to practically analyze and propose solutions to various socio-economic problems faced in Japan and overseas.
  3. Conduct academic research in the field of economics whilst maintaining research ethics and a sense of social responsibility, and in harmony with people and nature.
  4. Possess technical ability so as to analyze issues economics and management-related from an international perspective.
  5. The completed master’s thesis makes an academic or practical contribution to the field of economics.
[Graduate School of Economics (Doctoral Program)]

Pursuing the philosophy of Kyoto University to nurture excellent researchers and human resources who possess high-level professional skills and technical knowledge and who can contribute towards the harmonious coexistence of global society, the Graduate School of Economics seeks to cultivate graduates who can apply the technical knowledge and skills they learn from the study of economics to solve several problems faced in our current society and economy. In order that our students may contribute to the harmonious coexistence of global society, we seek to cultivate a strong sense of human empathy and respect for human rights among them, in addition to developing their advanced technical knowledge.

To cultivate such human resources at this Graduate School, a fixed curriculum has been established, including the successful completion of a doctoral thesis examination having received research supervision, and achieving the following goals, all of which are necessary to qualify for the award of a doctoral degree:

  1. Become a research able to act independently, having acquired both the necessary core and advanced abilities and academic knowledge to engage in specialized research.
  2. Acquire advanced abilities in order to propose solutions to various socio-economic challenges that we face.
  3. Conduct academic research in the field of economics whilst maintaining research ethics and a sense of social responsibility, and in harmony with people and nature.
  4. Possess an advanced technical ability to analyze issues related to economics and management from an international perspective.
  5. The completed doctoral thesis makes a significant academic or practical contribution to the field of economics.