Our PhilosophyJAPANESE PAGE
- Missions of the Faculty of Economics
- Three Core Policies of the the Faculty of Economics
- Missions of the Graduate School of Economics
- Three Core Policies of the Graduate School of Economics
Kyoto University Faculty of Economics
Based on the principles of freedom and harmony, we hereby establish the basic mission of the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics in order to sustain and develop the university’s historical commitment to academic freedom, to tackle multi-dimensional problems, and to pursue harmonious coexistence within the human and ecological community on this planet.
The Kyoto University Faculty of Economics upholds Kyoto University’s mission of fostering creativity and transmitting preeminent knowledge through independent learning. More precisely, the faculty’s educational mission is to cultivate individuals who are capable of applying specialized knowledge to tackle complex challenges in our contemporary economy and society; prepared to contribute to harmonious coexistence in the global community; and filled with a great deal of compassion, sensitivity to human rights, and integrity to advocate for fairness.
In order to accomplish its educational mission, the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics works to carry out and achieve the objectives set forth below.
- We will attract students with diverse individual characteristics and cultural backgrounds through a variety of admission processes, foster graduates with flexible and diverse outlooks and capabilities in economics and management, and supply them to a wide range of fields in society.
- We will develop a multi-dimensional curriculum that both equips students with broad-based foundations in the disciplines of economics and management and cultivates flexible thinking and creativity. In the delivery of this curriculum we will place emphasis on seminar-style education and provide both individual guidance and group-based learning.
- We will strive to enhance our advanced specialist education, employing the latest findings from economics and management research across the world in collaboration with the Graduate School of Economics.
- We will pursue the development of advanced, practical capabilities in economics and management through research and education partnerships with government bodies, private companies, and not-for-profit organizations.
- We will work to foster individuals with international capabilities to contribute to sustainable economic development under the globalization of the economic sphere.
- We will use these educational activities as a whole to instill basic and specialized academic abilities attuned to our changing times, and work to cultivate individuals filled with a great deal of compassion, sensitivity to human rights, and integrity to advocate for fairness.
Three Core Policies of the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics
We hereby establish three core policies in order to accomplish the educational mission of the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics: Admission Policy, Curriculum Policy, and Diploma Policy.
Our educational programs in Economics and Business Management focus on the study of the economic activities of diverse entities including individuals, governments and profit-making private-sector companies. The academic disciplines of Economics and Business Management aim to further the well-being of people and society. The objects of its study are far from simple and straightforward. On the contrary, the complexity increases as new issues requiring solutions arise one after another in modern society in areas such as fiscal problems, industrial issues, employment, finance, the global environment and others. While the Faculty of Economics of Kyoto University has been upholding a tradition of academic freedom throughout its history, it has also been dedicated to delivering a high level of undergraduate education for its students, encompassing introducing students to both the fundamental knowledge of economics and business management, as well as new and innovative areas of academic enquiry. The Faculty has endeavoured to produce creative human resources, who can respond to social and economic changes flexibly, discovering optimal solutions to the various problems we face today. Through their strong commitment to education, the faculty has been contributing significantly to the development of academia, government and industry. Given this historical background, the Faculty of Economics of Kyoto University hopes to recruit applicants with sufficient intellectual capabilities and a spirit of enquiry, so that they will develop advanced analytical skills and knowledge to study economics and business management successfully once they are enrolled. The students are also expected to actively participate in discussions with faculty and fellow students, thereby developing themselves as people highly trained in communication, as well as autonomous and creative thinking. These are the specific qualities which the Faculty expects of those who apply for enrolment:[Qualities Required of Applicants for Enrolment]
- Possession of a wide scope and high level of basic knowledge acquired through senior high school education, together with abilities of logical thinking and linguistic proficiency
- Possession of a strong intellectual curiosity, and a drive to actively participate in social and economic activities in general
It is understood that it is particularly important that the Faculty actively recruits students from diverse backgrounds in order to develop high calibre human resources with the aforementioned qualities. Currently the Faculty offers three different types of entrance examination to evaluate the candidates’ academic aptitude. They are called “Entrance Examination focused on Humanities”, “Entrance Examination focused on Natural Sciences & Engineering” and “Admissions Office Entrance Examination (tokushoku-nyushi)”. As for “Entrance Examination focused on Humanities”, which accounts for the majority of applications, the applicants have to take aptitude tests in 4 academic subjects. Included in the list are 1) social science, 2) mathematics, both of which form the groundwork to study economics and business management, 3) Japanese language, the fundamental basis for their logical thinking and 4) the English language, which is essential for the students’ specialised subject learning and for their future activities in the international community after graduation. If candidates take the “Examination focused on Natural Sciences and Engineering”, they have to answer an extra series of mathematical questions, while being exempt from the social science exam. The extra mathematics exam is specially designed to assess the applicants’ mathematical competence which is indispensable for economic analysis. The first step of screening in the “Admission Office Entrance Examination” is a review of documents submitted, followed by a written exam, part of which involves writing an essay. The applicants’ comprehension of given texts is evaluated in order to see how correctly the applicants identify and grasp the core issues proposed in the materials. Importance is placed on their ability to structure their essays logically and express their thoughts clearly. In all of these three types of Examination, the applicants’ previous score in the exams of the National Centre for University Entrance Examinations are added for a final admissions judgement. By incorporating the National Centre’s exam scores, the applicants’ total academic aptitude can be clearly and objectively identified. Furthermore, the Faculty offers diverse screening opportunities to applicants. For instance, entrance examinations can be taken by non-Japanese applicants, Japanese nationals who were educated outside of the Japanese education system, or those who want to transfer to a third year programme after completing the first two years of university education elsewhere. This initiative aims to provide applicants from diverse backgrounds with a fair chance of evaluation and admission.
In order to achieve the goals advocated in the Diploma Policy, the Faculty of Economics runs a single academic course, in which students focus on studies of economics and business management. The curriculum policy emphasises the importance of students acquiring expertise in economics and business management and at the same time developing their flexibility and creativity, as they are guided through a systematically organised curriculum. As for specialised knowledge, students in the first year study in a wide variety of introductory courses about economics and business management. In the second year they move on to more advanced learning and research, so that they can acquire an in-depth understanding of specialised subjects. In the third and fourth years, students focus their efforts primarily on research into elective specialised subjects. The Faculty also provides them with various opportunities to learn practical real world oriented subjects, through which they can attain practical knowledge and skills which will help them significantly when they start to work after graduation. In order for students to develop flexibility and creativity, those in the first and second years study general liberal arts, thereby broadening their perspectives and achieving well-balanced cultured personalities. As part of the curriculum, they attend small-group seminar-style interactive workshops as well. In those sessions, they participate in active discussions among themselves as well as with faculty, which helps them acquire self-learning competence. In accordance with this Curriculum Policy, the courses are designed as follows:
- There are certain academic subjects, which are commonly incorporated in all curricula across Kyoto University. The students of this Faculty can elect to study such courses in the usual way during the first and second years. The Faculty itself offers a wide variety of introductory courses in economics and business management, which are particularly geared to accommodate the needs of students in the first two years.
- Students in the first year attend small-group seminar-like interactive sessions, in which they are trained to prepare an autonomous academic portfolio for themselves, acquiring fundamental academic skills. This scheme aims to provide students with a smooth transition from senior high school to the more advanced context of university level education.
- Students in the second year and above are expected to study Basic Specialised Courses (senmon kiso kamoku) and, in addition, Advanced Specialised Courses (senmon kamoku) I. Students in the third year and above are expected to study Advanced Specialised Courses (senmon kamoku) II. Furthermore, students in the third year and above can attend innovative, professional and/or pragmatic special lectures, coordinated with the Graduate School of Economics. Distinguished professionals from outside the Faculty are sometimes invited as guest speakers for these lectures.
- From the second year onward, students participate in small seminar-style interactive workshops. In each class, faculty members give the students proper guidance about specific topics, orienting them to develop autonomous self-learning skills. During the sessions, students give presentations and participate in active discussions, through which they can develop flexibility and creativity. Participants can report about their activities and achievements in these interactive seminar-style workshops, submitting the results as their graduation thesis in the final year.
In order to provide students with opportunities to gain a diversified perspective, the Faculty allows them to participate in academic courses outside the Faculty, such as those offered by the Faculty of Law or other Faculties in Kyoto University. Students may also be permitted to take academic courses in other Japanese universities. Furthermore, students may study abroad in overseas universities accredited by the student exchange programme signed between Kyoto University and its partner educational institutes.
The Faculty has long upheld the fundamental principle of academic freedom throughout its history, encouraging students to develop autonomous learning based on their own choices. At undergraduate level, individual subjects in economics and business management are elective and not compulsory. Still, in order to provide students with proper guidance and cohesion so as to help them advance their learning and successfully complete the curriculum, four guiding study tracks are proposed: “Theory/History”, “Policy”, “Management” and “Finance/Accounting”. The carefully-structured course trees in each study track gives clear guidance to students, providing them with systematic learning. Students who have presented an extremely outstanding graduation thesis are recognised with the “Award for Excellent Graduation Thesis”. The aim of this award is to promote students’ efforts to master specialised academic knowledge, and to encourage them to develop creative abilities. Students with outstanding academic performance and who hope to enter the Graduate School after graduation are allowed to attend Graduate School courses during their fourth year. This system is aimed at supporting them in the early part of their career, so that they can become full-fledged researchers at an earlier stage.
Diploma Policy (Standards for award of degrees in the Kyoto University Faculty of Economics)
The Faculty of Economics of Kyoto University is expected to educate and produce creative human resources, who, based on their knowledge of economics and business management acquired through their university education, can contribute to society by responding effectively to economic and social change, and helping to discover and propose solutions to the problems we face. In this way, the Faculty aims to make a significant contribution to academia, governance and industry.
In order to produce human resources who can meet the aforementioned expectations, the following goals have been set forth, which the Faculty expects the students to accomplish by the time of graduation.
- Acquire the fundamental knowledge of economics and business management.
- Based on their knowledge of economics and business management, be able to analyse various problems in modern economy and society in an autonomous way, creating and proposing solutions.
- Have the intellectual powers of flexible thinking and creativity, with which they can respond to economic and social change effectively.
- 4. Possess a wide range of knowledge and cultural qualities in economics and business management, including a well-developed linguistic proficiency, through which they can confidently communicate with people from diverse cultural backgrounds.
The Degree of Bachelor of Economics is conferred to students who have been enrolled in the Faculty for no less than four years after admission (those who have transferred from elsewhere to the third year are to have been enrolled in the Faculty for no less than two years), and who have acquired a certain amount of credits required for graduation, before passing a final examination.
Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics
Based on the principles of freedom and harmony, we hereby establish the basic mission of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics in order to sustain and develop the university’s historical commitment to academic freedom, to tackle multi-dimensional problems, and to pursue harmonious coexistence within the human and ecological community on this planet.
The Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics upholds Kyoto University’s mission of educating outstanding researchers and specialists who will contribute to harmonious coexistence within human and ecological communities. More precisely, the graduate school’s educational mission is to cultivate specialists who are capable of applying insights, knowledge, and techniques based on economics to tackle complex challenges in our contemporary economy and society; prepared to contribute to the global community; and filled with a great deal of compassion, sensitivity to human rights, and integrity to advocate for fairness.
In order to accomplish its educational mission, the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics works to carry out and achieve the objectives set forth below.
- The Graduate School of Economics is composed of a Master’s program and a Doctoral program. In the Master’s program, students aspiring to a career in academic research take classes and receive individual guidance centering on the production of a Master’s thesis. We aim to introduce students to the wealth of existing scholarship in economics and related fields, and to equip them with the basic academic expertise and analytical skills essential for independent research.
- Operated in an environment where freedom and autonomy are valued, the Doctoral program provides research guidance to students seeking to obtain a Doctoral degree in economics following the completion of their Master’s degree. The aim of the program is to cultivate researchers capable of boldly tackling new challenges in the field of economics and key problems in social and economic spheres, and thereby addressing the needs of wider society.
- In order to accomplish our mission and objectives, our faculty members with diversified and advanced expertise provide a broad-based education encompassing economic philosophy, theory, history, and policy, as well as fields such as applied economics and managerial accounting. We will thereby foster students’ capacity to build knowledge systems that provide broader insights for their own research without over-specialization in any one academic field.
- We will train our students not only to pursue their research in depth, but also to apply a strong sense of responsibility and high ethical standards to that research, constantly subjecting it to critical examination to ensure that it is consistent with the goal of harmonious coexistence of humanity and nature. Through individual guidance, seminars, and projects, students will be encouraged to develop the sense of fairness, tolerance, and deep compassion required to perform leadership roles in education, academic research, and other fields in the future.
- We will use a variety of admission streams to build a graduate student cohort that is internationally diverse in terms of individual characteristics, careers and cultures, and foster experts in the analysis of problems in economics and management from international perspectives.
- We will cultivate economists, business analysts, and other professionals with practical ability to furnish world-class, realistic solutions to complex economic and management challenges both in Japan and across the world.
- We will use these educational activities as a whole to cultivate research capabilities attuned to our changing times.
Reflecting Kyoto University’s mission of diverse development in pure and applied research in the humanities, sciences and technology, while seeking to integrate these various perspectives, the research mission of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics is to contribute to the resolution of a range of problems in the social and economic spheres using wisdom, knowledge and techniques in economics.
- Global pre-eminence and creativity
We engage in research on the economic and business activities and organizations that form the basis of our social existence, thereby advancing Kyoto University’s mission of generating world-class knowledge through freedom and autonomy in research that conforms with high ethical standards.
- Contribution to the global community
We use specialized research to address many of the key economic problems confronting the world today, including sustainable economic growth, poverty and inequality, economic crises, energy, environmental, and population problems, as well as international conflict. This research constitutes a scholarly contribution to world peace, justice, and cooperation, and to productive and sustainable development. We also contribute to the society through publication of research findings and involvement in policy-making.
- Pluralist values and diverse approaches
In light of the growing sophistication, complexity and diversity of the global community and academic sphere, the Graduate School respects pluralist values and diverse approaches, and develops advanced and reliable methods of research and analysis.
The Graduate School of Economics will establish the following fundamental research principles in order to accomplish its research mission.
- Securing common foundations and diversity
We will emphasize common theoretical foundations and mutual understanding of diverse approaches.
- Establishing infrastructure for cutting-edge research
We will develop the human, financial, and information infrastructure required to pursue world-class, cutting-edge research.
- Developing international joint research hubs
We will build international research hubs through interaction and collaboration with many universities and research institutes across the globe.
- Accumulating research outputs
We will support specialized research by expanding our specialist library collections of economic publications and materials from within and beyond Japan.
- Sharing research findings
We will share our research findings with the public in a variety of forms, and thereby contribute to the advancement of academic endeavor both domestically and internationally.
Three Core Policies of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics
We hereby establish three core policies in order to accomplish the educational mission of the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics: Admission Policy, Curriculum Policy, and Diploma Policy.
The Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University takes pride in being one of the oldest graduate schools of economics in Japan. Since its foundation, it has constantly strived to further the study of economics, establishing its position as one of the most prestigious centres of research and graduate education in the field. The aim of this Graduate School is to produce human resources of a high calibre through the educational and research efforts of its master’s and doctoral programmes. Those who study in these programmes will acquire profound knowledge and skills, with which they can analyze economic and business management scientifically. They will be able to tackle the various problems and challenges which Japan faces today, such as fiscal, industrial, employment, management, financial, and global environment issues, amongst others. Some graduates go on to become full-fledged researchers themselves, creating and proposing fundamental solutions to contemporary problems in the world. Others become competent professional practitioners, playing a pivotal role in various fields which require a high level of professionalism. In order to keep exploring the new frontiers of economics as a pioneering institute, we need creative intellectuals, who can challenge the unprecedented problems of today’s world and work towards appropriate solutions. The following describes the qualities, which the Graduate School expects of applicants for enrolment in order to fulfil this mission.
- To possess deep specialised knowledge of the particular academic areas of Economics and related areas.
- To be highly motivated and committed to the study of economics so as to contribute to the advancement of academic knowledge, and to participate in the dissemination of research outcomes in society to benefit people.
- To be able to identify and define innovative and cutting-edge research themes in specialised areas, and to explore and apply the methodology relevant to the selected themes, eventually bringing about solutions.
- To possess good Japanese and English proficiency for communication, so that the applicant can present and publish their research outcomes domestically and internationally, and/or participate in activities to deliver the benefits of their research to society.
Our selection of applicants for enrolment is performed in a fair manner. No applicant shall be discriminated against due to their race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, age, nationality, political views, or physical and/or mental disabilities.
Students in the master’s programme are expected to make efforts to further develop the knowledge gained in their undergraduate courses, thereby expanding and deepening their professional expertise. They should acquire fundamental and advanced specialised knowledge by capitalising on the diverse research resources offered by the University. They are expected to develop the research capabilities and the practical skills of professionals, so that they can make progress in their research. Such capabilities and skills will be useful when they work in highly professional jobs after graduation. The Graduate School offers a systematic and diverse curriculum structure consisting of basic and advanced/specialised courses. As for the advanced/specialised courses, six different tracks are proposed, which help students understand how individual subjects, lectures, seminars and workshops are correlated. By following these learning-path models, students can efficiently acquire the expertise required by the programme.
The goal of the doctoral programme is to produce outstanding researchers, with the competence to tackle the most complex issues in economics, while also dealing with the social problems of the world. Faculty members are assigned to each student as supervisors to give proper guidance and supervision for their research. This supervisory practice is recorded and accredited as “Certified Research Guidance”. The final goal of this course is to write a doctoral thesis, marking the culmination of all the research efforts made in the programme. While the students advance towards their goal, they are assisted by systematic guidance given by the Doctoral Dissertation Committee, which consists of a number of faculty members.
Rather than students confining themselves to a very narrow and over-specialised sphere of research, it is recommended that they identify research targets objectively from a broad perspective, so that their achievements can eventually contribute to enhancing human knowledge. The faculty of the Graduate School is comprised of academics with highly diversified expertise and professional capabilities, encompassing many academic disciplines such as economic philosophy, theory, history, policy, together with applied economics, management/accounting and others. Given support from this faculty, students are exposed to a wide variety of educational opportunities and expertise.
Support is given to students in order for them to understand precisely where and how their academic work stands in a particular specialised research field. They will develop their ability to present and discuss their research achievements and comprehend their meaning in genuinely international contexts, and will become capable of launching joint research projects should the circumstances require. For these purposes, small-group interactive seminars and workshops are provided, which are centred on diverse research methods and academic topics. In addition, Graduate School students may have an opportunity to study abroad to pursue their research and external researchers are invited to the Graduate School from abroad or from other educational and research institutes in Japan. The aim of these initiatives is to drive the students’ capabilities to an even higher levels.
Students are educated and encouraged to review their own research from the point of view of social responsibility and ethics. They should nurture a critical capacity for self-reflection, so that they can assess if their research meets a fundamental principle of academic work, that is, harmonious coexistence with nature and humankind. Fair, generous and compassionate qualities are essential for those who will play leadership roles in the future in various parts of society including in education, academia and others. Education for humanity and the personal development of students is an integral part of the Graduate School programme.
Diploma Policy (Standards for award of degrees in the Kyoto University Graduate School of Economics)
In the master’s programme, candidates are assessed on whether they have obtained a wide and deep range of knowledge, and developed the kind of competence and talent to help them perform given assignments in their future jobs, which, it is presumed, will require specialised research capabilities and high-level professional skills. In order to graduate, candidates are required to have been enrolled in the Graduate School for no less than two years, and to have acquired the minimum (or above) number of course credits in both Basic and Advanced/Specialised Courses. These requirements testify that they have completed all the program’s specified in the curriculum. In the final year, their master’s thesis is evaluated by adjudicating faculty members, and will be accepted and acknowledged if it meets the Graduate School’s criteria. Candidates will also have to pass a final exam before being awarded their master’s degree.
In the doctoral programme, candidates are judged on whether or not they are capable enough to work as full-fledged researchers in their own right. They are also evaluated for their high competence and professional skills based on underlying academic knowledge and the expertise acquired in the course of their study. These qualities are essential for them to fulfil the duties of academic posts awaiting them in the future. In order to graduate, candidates are required to have been enrolled in the programme for not less than three years, and that their individual research work has been supervised by faculty members assigned to them and also that the progress of their research has been evaluated and adjudicated by assigned supervisors. In the final year, the candidate’s doctoral thesis is evaluated by the faculty. If the thesis is accepted and the candidate passes a final examination, they will be awarded the doctorate degree.
The criteria for both master’s and doctoral degrees include a judgement of whether the candidates have performed research with a correct understanding of and commitment to social responsibilities as well as the ethical implications deriving from their research. Whether their work meets the fundamental principle of research that academic work should be able to harmoniously coexist with nature and humankind on the planet is also considered. This is an enormously important concept and therefore it is incorporated into the assessment criteria of a student’s performance before a degree is awarded to him or her by the Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University.